Rei militaris instituta, also called Epitoma rei militaris, written sometime between and , advocated a revival of the old system but had almost no influence. Epitoma rei militaris. Vegetius Edited by M. D. Reeve. Oxford Classical Texts. The first modern critical edition; Based on a comprehensive. The Epitoma Rei Militaris or Epitome of Military Science by Publius. Flavius Vegetius Renatus was in the Middle Ages one of the most popular.

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Most of C’s factual inaccuracies have been corrected above. However attractive this solution may be from one perspective, C does not provide evidence that Rome imposed use of armor or Roman tactics on the foederati. Copyright status is unknown Processing Information: Maior] from those of neighboring Sophene. Wheeler, “Shock and Awe: As the partition of Armenia in notas C p.

Epitoma rei militaris

Claudian, however, would seem mioitaris least partially to compromise Seeck’s argument: Thus C’s whole discussion of Vegetius’ relationship to Greek military thought pp. Confessions and concessions, however, do not render C’s labors futile.

From it, among other things, we learn eputoma of the siege engine called the onagerwhich until recently was thought to have been common in medieval sieges. Throughout militais fourth century the army remained remarkably neutral in Christian-pagan conflicts and even Constantine’s compulsory prayer for soldiers Euseb. Persians were famous for cataphracts and the Sasanids revived the use of elephants, as C discusses in detail elsewhere.

As fleetness of foot was a standard Homeric epithet of Achilles, one wonders if this trait should be taken so literally in a panegyrical passage. Establishing the Date of the Epitoma Rei Militaris. Chastagnol’s comparison of Epit.

The absence in Vegetius of references to an emperor’s bonding techniques with the rank-and-file soldiers e. Edition bound in goatskinRepublic of Venicec. The Army of the early Empire was a formidable fighting force, but it probably was not in its entirety quite as good as Vegetius describes.


It may be that he wrote reo behalf of military reform under the patronage of Theodosius I.

Epitome of Military Science2nd edition Liverpool ; cf. However, after the first printed editions, Vegetius’ militariz as the premier military authority began to decline, as ancient historians such as Polybius became available. Clements Library, The University of Michigan. But if Vegetius used Orosius and either carelessly or intentionally misinterpreted him — panegyrists and military theorists, after all, are not held to strict standards of historical accuracy — C would have further support for his desired fifth-century date.

Such criticisms underlie a basic misunderstanding of the genre of military theory ancient or modern.

Bryn Mawr Classical Review

Still, because of the lack of literacyas a guide it was probably accessible only to aristocracy, clergy and royalty. Nor is there a hint in 1. The leader of the army dux had to take care of the men under his militaria and keep himself informed about the movements of the enemy to gain advantage in the battle. Military art and science–History–Medieval, Vegetius the reformer clearly specifies problems to be fixed, but, except for his direct criticism that Roman infantry allegedly quit wearing armor under Gratian 1.

A fascination with the Huns, greater in the Mulomedicina than the Epitomapoints to the middle or lower Danube, and Vegetius’ self-imposed censorship about current riverboat operations on the Danube 4. Naval art and science–Early works to All of Vegetius’ references to Rome and Italy to this reader seem antiquarian, not contemporary — an appeal to the traditions of “old Rome” befitting Vegetius’ advocacy of the antiqua legio. Observance of basic principles in the field under the pressures of real circumstances differ significantly from the hindsight, security, and rwi omniscience of the armchair strategist and the desktop historian.

Reeve Oxford Classical Texts. It went on into the 18th and 19th centuries as a source of policy and strategy to the major states of Europe. Further, C’s hypothesis of an isolated, militarily ignorant emperor repeatedly asserted is never proved.


C even expects the praises of his Vegetius the panegyrist to be rational pp. Vegetius based his treatise on descriptions of Roman armies, especially those of the mid to late Republic. Secondary sources [ edit ] Bachrach, Bernard S. Yet Vegetius’ “East” need not be east of the Bosporos or militrais of the Taurus. Balkan references subtly recur: In his article C hits upon a plausible solution to the problem of 1. The common element of all the names are the two cases of res militaris nominative case: Explicit references, which one might expect, to neither Valens’ disaster at Adrianopole nor Alaric’s capture of Rome occur in the text as we have it.

C subscribes to the views popular in some circles e. A better understanding of the genre of military theory, however, would have saved C from several missteps. Spiers and Jeremy A. Theodosius I and Valentinian III have become the scholarly favorites, although advocates of Valentinian II and Honorius can also be found. Similarly, C weakly hints pp.

Majority opinion puts Vegetius in the West. It ends with a paragraph starting: Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus epitoa, though the work was revised a number of times afterwards. Few secular works of antiquity were as popular in reei Middle Ages as Vegetius’ Epitomathe broadest ancient reii of Roman warfare.

The typical delivery time is 2 weeks. De re militari came to the forefront in the late Carolingian period through Hrabanus Maurus d.